Mining Development and Environmental Rehabilitation Challenges – Mongolia’s Case: A joint presentation of the CIRDI Seminar Series and the Policy@UBC Series
Join us on April 13 for a talk by CIRDI fellow, Bolormaa Purevjav on mining development and environmental rehabilitation challenges in her home country of Mongolia.
Thursday, April 13, 2017
12:30 pm – 1:45 pm
Case Room, Liu Institute for Global Issues
All welcome. Refreshments provided
Mongolia is a mineral rich country. Following a democratic revolution in 1989, rapid institutional changes have taken place and since then Mongolia has been on a path to building a prosperous democratic society. This path has not been easy and straightforward. In early 1990s, a dramatic economic downturn resulted in massive job losses. In addition, natural disasters killed ten million livestock and stripped herders of their livelihoods. As a response to the economic downturn, the Mongolian Government created a gold program in 1992, which led to rapid mining development. Mining industry growth from 1992 to 2005 addressed economic issues and improved the standard of living, however it also impacted the environment and society in a significant way. Grassroots movements in 2005 led to the cancellation of several mining projects due to pollution of rivers, pasture degradation and few economic benefits for local people. To address the environmental issues, a new environmental law was passed in 2012. In parallel, the mining ministry developed a first-ever mining strategic policy to ensure the development of “responsible mining” in the country and to smooth operations on the ground, while increasing environmental and social requirements for the mining industry. Along with formal mining, community artisanal mining has also grown and caused significant land degradation. Despite all these issues, it is clear that Mongolia is emerging as a strong mining country.Implementation of integrated water management plans remains a challenge and is an important action item, where promoting good environmental rehabilitation practices by mining companies and by emerging ASM communities plays an important role.
About Bolormaa Purevjav
Bolormaa Purevjav is a chair at the Centre for Stakeholder Engagement and Sustainable Development (SESD), a national NGO in Mongolia. She is an engineering graduate from the University of Brno, Czech Republic, and has also earned an MBA degree from the Griffith University in Australia. She is currently working in Vancouver as a CIRDI fellow.
Bolormaa possesses over 15 years of experience in the international development field managing programs and projects focused on broad economic and social development topics, such as gender, human rights based approaches and sustainable development. Her areas of expertise include stakeholder engagement in extractive industry, community development and empowerment, establishing local multi-stakeholder councils at local level as a platform for stakeholder constructive engagement, participatory planning and conflict prevention.
She has also facilitated development of environmental management plans at the local level to balance economic growth and environmental protection in order to produce positive sustainable outcomes. She has worked extensively in the field and has promoted establishment of water quality monitoring groups in 38 communities.
Bolormaa has worked in a diverse range of organizations, including the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of Mongolia; UNDP Mongolia as a project manager; the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation as community development component leader and The Asia Foundation where she led the environmental program from 2011 to 2016.
Bolormaa is passionate about developing and implementing community-based environmental rehabilitation and conservation projects, as well as disseminating good environmental practices to make positive changes.