Natural gas projects and local community development in Tanzania
The Department of Sociology & Anthropology (UDSM) of the University of Dar es Salaam, in collaboration with the Canadian International Resources and Development Institute, is conducting research on the on-going social and cultural changes taking place in Tanzania following the discovery and development of natural gas production in the rural district of Mtwara.
The main focus of the research project is to document and analyze the nature of social transformation as experienced and expressed by the local people and communities that are directly or indirectly affected by the gas development processes. This project is motivated by Tanzania’s ambition to become a middle-income country by 2025. Natural gas development has been identified as one of the platforms to launch this development strategy. In addition to using the gas for domestic consumption, power generation and industrial development, the Tanzanian government has announced that the country will become a leading liquefied natural gas exporting country in East Africa in the next five years. The gas project is part of a plan to add approximately 2,000 megawatts of new gas-fired electricity generating power by 2018, to increase Tanzania’s generating capacity to 10,000 MW by 2025.
This study will investigate how these processes are unfolding in the Mtwara District and the extent to which they are impacting the social and cultural fabric of rural communities. Preliminary data has been collected in several communities. A stakeholder workshop to enrich existing research will be conducted with other researchers, stakeholders and civil society organizations at the UDSM.
Academia, Government of Tanzania, communities in the gas producing region of Mtwara
University of British Columbia, University of Dar es Salaam
Global Affairs Canada
Livelihoods and employment
Convene multi-stakeholder collaboration