Gender analysis is an analytical process which identifies and mitigates the differential impacts of policies and programmes on diverse groups of people. Through more inclusive decision-making processes, gender analysis can also empower marginalized groups. Gender analysis considers the intersection of gender and other identity factors, and the ways in which these factors contribute to a person’s social and economic context. Gender analysis is an established tool in international development assistance and is increasingly used in policy and project assessment settings.
This review describes gender analysis, its origins and development, the history of its frameworks, and its application to impact assessments. Concepts are drawn from both the Canadian national and international contexts, with an emphasis on natural resources development. The included case studies from Canada’s forestry sector and from Tanzania’s artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector each illustrate how gender analysis can be practically implemented. Finally, this review highlights various implementation approaches and challenges and closes with lessons for impact assessment practitioners.