Capacity-building for multi-level governance of ASM in Indonesia

Countries

Indonesia

Focus Area

Transforming
Artisanal and Small-scale Mining

Status

Completed

Contact

Info

sustainable development goals

Budget

$179,670 CAD

Funders

Global Affairs Canada

Who Benefits

Miners

Indonesian governments (district, provincial, national)

Indonesian people

Delivery Partners

University of Edinburgh

Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta (YTS)

University of Palangkaraya

Central Kalimantan Provincial Government

Association for Community Miners Indonesia (APRI)

Blacksmith Institute

The Challenge

Recent estimates in Indonesia indicate that 500,000 people are directly involved in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM), with 3 million people dependent on income generated by ASM activities. While ASM can be a source of poverty alleviation, the ASM sector is frequently associated with significant environmental impacts including mercury pollution and deforestation. ASM activities in Indonesia operate mostly outside of a formal regulated framework. Following a three-year initial phase of the UN-REDD program in 2012, the Government of Indonesia passed several decrees to curb deforestation, including from ASM activities. In 2013, the Government of Indonesia signed the Minamata Convention on Mercury, a treaty that calls for new measures to formalize and regulate ASM. Now the government needs to increase its understanding of this sector in order to develop appropriate policies and legislation to implement the treaties.

Project Details

Led by Dr. Sam Spiegel from the University of Edinburgh, in partnership with Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta (YTS) a local NGO, this project provided technical assistance to the Indonesian government at the district, provincial and national levels to improve design and implementation of environmental policies for the ASM sector. The three principal components of the project included:

  1. Strengthen awareness of environmental and social dimensions of gold mining in three sub-districts of Central Kalimantan (Gunung Mas, Murung Raya, Katingan):
  • Analysis of existing policy & legislative documents
  • GIS mapping of the region to define areas of mining activity
  1. Facilitate collaborative strategy building and policy development with federal and municipal-level decision makers for addressing local ASM challenges via Minamata implementation and REDD+ compliance
  • Improved coordination for policy process that cross multiple levels of government
  • Improved coordination and participation with small-scale miners’ associations and end users in policy processes
  1. Technical capacity building efforts for miners and regulators
  • Policy awareness
  • Skills for environmental compliance

Cross-cutting themes

Gender

  • The project ensured that women were well represented in all methods of engagement.

Environment

  • Investigation of environmental risks and land use dimensions; includes analysis of maps and their limits in showing ASGM activity, deforestation and forest degradation.

Governance

  • Stakeholder consultations illuminated governance experiences and challenges regularizing ASGM. Data sharing with local and national government informed policy improvements and improved capacity to regulate ASGM.

Project Results

  1. The team has reviewed the implementation of environmental policies affecting artisanal and small-scale miners in two districts in Central Kalimantan: Gunung Maas, Murung Raya. The researchers consulted with government officials at the national, provincial and district levels, as well as with small-scale miner associations, specifically assessing chemicals management and forest protection measures.
  2. Four women received training in low-impact gold processing techniques over a four-month period, resulting in a change in behaviour that will increase the participants’ gold recovery and decrease their exposure to dangerous chemicals.
  3. A photo exhibition in Katingan Province brought together 50 people and included community members and local/regional government representatives. The event facilitated dialogue between different stakeholders, resulting in increased communication between the village and sub-district government, which was previously nonexistent. An additional photovoice exhibition was held in Murung Raya District in October 2018.
  4. A community-led analysis and planning (CLAP) workshop was convened in Twang Pajangan. This workshop led to the creation of a community action plan for 2019 that was co-developed by participants that included village government, community leaders, local women’s groups and community members/miners. The CLAP workshop was an exercise in stakeholder-led inclusive governance of natural resources and will increase the benefits of mining for the local community. The workshop was informed by project research and increased knowledge among participants on the impacts of ASGM. The Plan integrates activities to mitigate damage to and restore the community’s natural resources.
  5. The final project activity was a provincial forum on ASM policy that was held in Central Kalimantan in January 2019. 42 representatives from communities, government, NGOs, and the private sector participated in this forum and mapped out future strategies for contributing to positive changes to support access to services, livelihood assistance and support.

 

Intended Impact

The dissemination of the project findings informed national authorities and the international community of policy and legislative challenges related to ASM in Indonesia. Through increased knowledge, local and national officials were equipped to work together towards a sustainable development plan that alleviates poverty. The project also benefits miners by increasing their capacity to engage with government and facilitating access to project data to inform the discussion.

project team

resources

updates and news

Community-Led Analysis and Planning in an Artisanal Mining Village in Indonesia

By Dr. Sam Spiegel, University of Edinburgh. In this blog, Sam writes about his research for the CIRDI project Capacity-Building for Multi-Level Governance of ASM in Indonesia. Sam is working […]

Read more

CIRDI Facilitates Two Panels on Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining at IGF

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is the focus of the 2017 AGM of the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF), held October 16-20 in Geneva. CIRDI […]

Read more
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