Integrated Management and Governance in Extractives (IMAGinE) Mongolia

Countries

Mongolia

Focus Area

Improving
Public sector capacity and governance

Status

Completed

Contact

Info

sustainable development goals

Budget

$310,597 CAD

Funders

Global Affairs Canada

Who Benefits

Direct

Civil society

Academia

Delegates from target International Cooperation Fund countries

Ultimate

Mongolian national government

Delivery Partners

Mongolian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Natural Resource Governance Institute (Mongolia and Myanmar offices)

University of Central Asia

Oslo Center

Mining Policy Group LLC

Centerra Gold

The Challenge

For resource-rich developing countries, effective natural resource governance is crucial for economic development and poverty alleviation. During the most recent commodity boom and bust, Mongolia continuously reformed its governance structures, seeking to increase the efficiency of its mining operations. Today Mongolia has a mix of socialist-style state-owned enterprises, contemporary equity ownership models and production-sharing agreements. Mongolians are learning from past policy decisions and developing solutions to strengthen their resource governance practices. They are also sharing knowledge with regional stakeholders from similar economies to foster peer-to-peer learning around good extractive sector governance.

 

CIRDI’s Approach

Peer-to-peer learning plays an important role in knowledge mobilization and in sharing real experience by creating learning opportunities between countries at similar stages of resource development. Given its academic affiliations, CIRDI is in a unique position to offer a neutral forum for learning and the exchange of ideas. The emphasis on international peer-to-peer learning helps to defuse partisanship, enabling richer discussion on otherwise politicized topics. Participants sought to teach and share, rather than defend. This workshop series mobilized domestic and international knowledge, created new connections between stakeholders, and encouraged transparency in discussions on resource governance.

 

Project Details

CIRDI and the International Cooperation Fund (ICF) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia collaborated on a three-part workshop series focused on sharing Mongolia’s experiences in natural resource governance and management with other newly democratized countries with resource-based economies. This series was aimed to strengthen resource governance in Mongolia and ICF target countries by building a network of Mongolian stakeholders engaged in resource governance dialogue, and creating peer-to-peer learning and partnership opportunities among Mongolian and ICF target country decision-makers. Ultimately, this projects sought to enhance the capacity of Mongolians and other project participants to improve their country’s governance and management policies and practices to better utilize their extractive sector in order to stimulate sustainable economic growth, reduce poverty, improve gender equity and safeguard their environment.

Cross-cutting themes

Gender 

To promote equitable access to information and resources to increase women’s capacity for decision-making, organizers of the workshop series ensured female participation in all workshops. For the workshop hosted in Mongolia in May 2016, average female participation was 18.5%, with 22% of invited panelists and speakers being female. For the workshop hosted in the Kyrgyz Republic in November 2016, 44% of the 61 participants were female, with 35% of speakers and panelists being women. For the final workshop, 50% of participants were female. Among the five international delegates, three Kyrgyz participants were female. Finally, the teaching case study highlights the composition of agreement negotiation teams, which included several female government representatives and mining executives, and examines the content of the agreement from a gender-sensitive perspective.

Environment 

The workshops promoted enhanced environmental stewardship by increasing access to information and mobilizing knowledge among stakeholders and change-makers for improved governance practices that account for environmental safeguarding. In particular, peer-to-peer discussions focused on policy development were relevant to environmental protection as one of the pillars for sustainable development.

Governance 

The main objective of this workshop series was to strengthen the capacity of male and female government officials and other stakeholders of Mongolia and ICF target countries for informed decision-making to strengthen democracy through the sustainable development of the mining sector. Ensuring multi-stakeholder participation in the workshop, in particular, contributes to inclusive governance and enhanced civic engagement, as it allows dialogue and networking among representatives of government, industry and civil society.

Project Results

  • In May 2017, the ICF and CIRDI convened the first in a series of workshops focused on mobilizing knowledge on the state’s role in natural resource governance. The workshop was held in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia in May 2016. Over 40 Mongolian participants and 6 international delegates attended, including Mongolian representatives from government, industry, civil society and academia, and international delegates from Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos and Myanmar. Participants’ knowledge was enhanced in topic areas including transparency, enterprise ownership models, decision-making structures, achieving international standards, social responsibility, and consensus-building. The workshop emphasized peer-to-peer learning among countries in similar phases of development, mobilized domestic and international knowledge, created new connections between stakeholders, and encouraged transparency in discussions on resource governance. 12 workshop participants visited Oyu Tolgoi, Mongolia’s largest copper mine, in order to enhance their knowledge of global best practices related to the implementation of large scale mining projects.
  • In November 2016, the second workshop was held in Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic and it focused on the sound management of resources. 61 people participated, representing national government, industry and civil society. Participating countries included Mongolia, Kyrgyz Republic, Myanmar and Timor Leste. As reported by participants, peer-to-peer exchanges led to enhanced knowledge of leading natural resource governance practices, including on topics such as policy development, revenue management and corruption, public financial management reform, multi-stakeholder coordination and collaboration and transparency. The capacity of workshop participants to access information on leading natural resource governance practices was enhanced. 9 Mongolian delegates, representing the Mongolian Ministry of Mining and Heavy Industry, Erdenes Mongol State- Owned Enterprise, the Mongolian National Mining Association, the Mongolian Mining Journal, and the Mongolian. Consulate in Bishkek visited Centerra Gold’s Kumtor mine site and affiliated community projects in order to enhance their knowledge of global best practices related to the implementation of large scale mining projects.
  • The final workshop was held in Mongolia in June 2017. The workshop continued to examine the state’s role in large mining projects with specific emphasis on increased understanding of ownership models (state vs. private), the importance of mine closure policy, and community benefit agreements. The site visits to the abandoned coal mine site of Nalaikh, and tours of two mine sites at Tavan Tolgoi, the world’s largest coking coal deposit. The workshop was tailored to provide learning and networking opportunities for young professionals with the support of international and Mongolian experts. In total, 32 people (16 women, 16 men) participated in this workshop, representing government, industry and civil society. Of these, one delegate was from Afghanistan (male), and four were from Kyrgyzstan (3 women, 1 man). Of those who completed evaluations (20), 80% indicated an enhanced understanding of mine closure, 100% indicated an enhanced understanding of state-owned enterprise and the extractives, and 100% indicated an enhanced understanding of community engagement practices.

Intended Impact

Through increased access to information and knowledge of leading global resource governance practices, this workshop series was aimed to strengthen the capacity of Mongolian and ICF target country mining sector stakeholders to improve governance practices for the sustainable development of the mining sector.

project team

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