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Tanzania aims to become a middle-income country by 2025. Natural gas development has been identified as one of the platforms to launch this development strategy. In addition to using the gas for domestic consumption, power generation and industrial development, the Tanzanian government has announced that the country will become a leading liquefied natural gas exporting country in East Africa in the next five years. Accountability mechanisms must be instituted to ensure that equitable compensation is provided to those who have lost their farmlands and other livelihood assets due to gas project developments. The concerns of the communities directly impacted by the natural gas development need to be documented and understood by policy- and decision-makers in order to have their needs addressed.
This study investigates how natural gas development projects are unfolding in the Mtwara District in southern Tanzania and the extent to which they are impacting the social and cultural fabric of rural communities. A community baseline survey of 841 households was completed in 2016, followed by a successful multi-stakeholder workshop at which the research findings were disseminated and enriched by discussion. An academic article will further disseminate the research findings.
New research data is generated on community-level development in gas producing regions and made available to decision-makers and other stakeholders through a one-day workshop and academic papers. This results in knowledge being mobilized on how government and other stakeholders can implement gender-responsive community-level development initiatives in gas producing regions.