Ethiopia’s long history of gold mining spans three millennia. Some historians have estimated that the oldest mine in the world, dating back more than 6,000 years, was in western Ethiopia near the Sudanese border. The numerous placer gold deposits in Ethiopia’s rivers have been exploited for thousands of years by smallscale miners using rudimentary techniques in the water and river sands. Recent studies by independent third parties have indicated that western Ethiopia is likely to hold one of the largest gold deposits in Africa.
Discover more about Ethiopia’s minerals and precious stones in this booklet.