Gavin Hilson

Community Benefit Agreements: Systematic Literature Review [1990-2020] – Preliminary Findings Report

Community Benefit Agreements (CBAs) are an emerging form of contractual relations between natural resource development companies (proponents) and the local communities that host them. In some cases, the state also […]

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: Mapping the South African Ecosystem

The Government of South Africa is contemplating policy reforms that will advance its transformation agenda in the mining sector. Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) is recognised as a potential pathway […]

Policy Brief: Standardized Reporting on Mining Local Procurement: Why Civil Society Organizations Should Promote the Local Procurement Reporting Mechanism (LPRM)

The Mining Local Procurement Reporting Mechanism (LPRM) is a publicly available set of disclosures on local procurement which aims to guide information-sharing for mine sites on their policies, programmes, and results […]

Indigenous Forest Governance: Challenges, Enabling Conditions, and Factors for Success

Land holds sacred and spiritual importance to Indigenous communities (Gebara 2018). A central aspiration of many Indigenous peoples worldwide is to have an effective voice regarding any decisions made that […]

TRANSMAPE. Community Engagement for the Transformation of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining and Social Learning

Concepts and Lessons from the Transmape Project in Ecuador This project report provides a general account of the completed activities and deliverables achieved in the CIRDI TransMAPE-Ecuador project, “Education for […]

Natural Gas Extraction and Community Development in Tanzania: Documenting the Gaps Between Rhetoric and Reality

The Tanzanian government recently adopted new legislation to reform its oil and gas sector, for the purpose of safeguarding its interests and serving the developmental aspirations of its ordinary citizens. […]

Gender Analysis and Impact Assessment: Canadian and International Experiences

Gender analysis is an analytical process which identifies and mitigates the differential impacts of policies and programmes on diverse groups of people. Through more inclusive decision-making processes, gender analysis can […]

Improved Resource Governance Through Transparency: Evidence from Mongolia

  Transparency and accountability initiatives have emerged as a potential solution to combat corruption and increase public benefits from the extractive sector in resource-abundant countries. The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative […]

What Participation? Distinguishing Water Monitoring Programs in Mining Regions Based on Community Participation

Water issues are a major concern for the mining sector and for communities living near mining operations. Water-related conflicts can damage a firm’s social license to operate while violent conflicts […]

Implementing the Ahafo Benefit Agreements: Seeking Meaningful Community Participation at Newmont’s Ahafo Gold Mine in Ghana

In 2008, ten communities in the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana entered into agreements with Newmont Ghana to govern company-community relations, ensure local job creation, and share the benefits of […]

Best Practices in Environmental Assessment: Case Studies and Application to Mining

This study helps to describe the best practices in Environmental Impact Assessment in the context of the mining industry, through a series of methods and case studies. Authors: Lauren Arnold, BA&Sc and […]

Phasing Out Mercury? Ecological Economics and Indonesia’s Small-Scale Gold Mining Sector

This article uses an ecological economics approach to analyse tensions surrounding efforts to phase out mercury in Indonesia’s artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector, among the largest sources of […]

Harnessing Opportunities for Good Governance of Health Impacts of Mining Projects in Mongolia: Results of a Global Partnership

This global partnership investigates the opportunity provided in environmental impact assessments (EIAs) to influence the extent to which health issues could be addressed in the design and delivery of mining projects. […]

Deep into the Mud: Ecological and Socio-economic Impacts of the Dam Breach in Mariana, Brazil

CIRDI team members, Kirsten Dales and Bernardo D. Ranieri contributed to this research review of the ecological and socio-economic impacts of the catastrophic dam failure in Mariana, Brazil. Open Access research, […]

Responding to the Commodity Bust: Downturns, Policies and Poverty in Extractive Sector Dependent Countries

  The decline in prices experienced by most extractive commodities since 2011 has strained the economy and public finances of most resource-dependent countries, with implications for poverty reduction. This paper […]

Extractive Industries and Poverty: A Review of Recent Findings and Linkage Mechanisms

This paper surveys 52 empirical studies on relationships between extractive industries and poverty, addressing both poverty impacts and possible linkage mechanisms. Distinguishing these studies by type of resource extraction, the […]